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[国外资讯] 美国科学家利用3D打印机打印人耳朵

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  • TA的每日心情
    郁闷
    2017-2-8 03:11
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    [LV.7]常住居民III

    发表于 2014-6-8 19:18:58 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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    2013022213092431.png
    基于耳解剖的模具设计

             美国康乃尔大学的生物工程师们和物理学家们利用三维打印和可注射模具(injectable mold)构建出人造耳。

             研究者们利用受试者耳朵的数字化三维图像,然后利用三维打印机组装模具将这种图像转化为数字化的"实体"耳。模具被移走时,这种由康乃尔大学开发出的高密度凝胶具有类似于果冻(Jell-o)的质地。胶原蛋白作为支架发挥发挥作用,在这种支架上,软骨能够生长。研究者们需要半天时间设计模具,一天左右时间打印这种模具,30分钟时间注射凝胶,15分钟后就可移走人造耳。然后对人造耳进行修整,在用于移植之前在滋养性细胞培养基中培养它几天。(生物谷)

    High-Fidelity Tissue Engineering of Patient-Specific Auricles for Reconstruction of Pediatric Microtia and Other Auricular Deformities
    • Published: February 20, 2013
    • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056506

    Reiffel AJ, Kafka C, Hernandez KA, Popa S, Perez JL, et al.


    Introduction

    Autologous techniques for the reconstruction of pediatric microtia often result in suboptimal aesthetic outcomes and morbidity at the costal cartilage donor site. We therefore sought to combine digital photogrammetry with CAD/CAM techniques to develop collagen type I hydrogel scaffolds and their respective molds that would precisely mimic the normal anatomy of the patient-specific external ear as well as recapitulate the complex biomechanical properties of native auricular elastic cartilage while avoiding the morbidity of traditional autologous reconstructions.

    Methods

    Three-dimensional structures of normal pediatric ears were digitized and converted to virtual solids for mold design. Image-based synthetic reconstructions of these ears were fabricated from collagen type I hydrogels. Half were seeded with bovine auricular chondrocytes. Cellular and acellular constructs were imPLAnted subcutaneously in the dorsa of nude rats and harvested after 1 and 3 months.

    Results

    Gross inspection revealed that acellular implants had significantly decreased in size by 1 month. Cellular constructs retained their contour/projection from the animals' dorsa, even after 3 months. Post-harvest weight of cellular constructs was significantly greater than that of acellular constructs after 1 and 3 months. Safranin O-staining revealed that cellular constructs demonstrated evidence of a self-assembled perichondrial layer and copious neocartilage deposition. Verhoeff staining of 1 month cellular constructs revealed de novo elastic cartilage deposition, which was even more extensive and robust after 3 months. The equilibrium modulus and hydraulic permeability of cellular constructs were not significantly different from native bovine auricular cartilage after 3 months.

    Conclusions

    We have developed high-fidelity, biocompatible, patient-specific tissue-engineered constructs for auricular reconstruction which largely mimic the native auricle both biomechanically and histologically, even after an extended period of implantation. This strategy holds immense potential for durable patient-specific tissue-engineered anatomically proper auricular reconstructions in the future.

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  • TA的每日心情
    开心
    2015-9-14 20:52
  • 签到天数: 115 天

    [LV.6]常住居民II

    发表于 2014-11-7 13:14:59 | 显示全部楼层
    方法挺好,但是人耳朵不是统一标准,不同的人就需要不同的模具,打印模具的耗费还是很大,最终还是落在消费者身上,普通患者很难承受得起的。应该属于特殊人群私人定制服务吧。

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  • TA的每日心情
    奋斗
    2015-7-10 12:27
  • 签到天数: 8 天

    [LV.3]偶尔看看II

    发表于 2015-7-3 14:55:37 | 显示全部楼层
    牛逼的美帝!
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  • TA的每日心情
    郁闷
    2018-10-11 12:19
  • 签到天数: 296 天

    [LV.8]以坛为家I

    发表于 2015-7-5 00:51:14 | 显示全部楼层
    支持支持!期待继续分享精彩内容!
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  • TA的每日心情
    难过
    2016-11-19 21:24
  • 签到天数: 79 天

    [LV.6]常住居民II

    发表于 2015-7-6 07:56:53 | 显示全部楼层
    学习学习
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  • TA的每日心情
    开心
    2016-9-18 23:44
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    [LV.6]常住居民II

    发表于 2015-7-6 19:18:42 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
    学习学习啊
    来自: 微社区
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  • TA的每日心情
    开心
    2016-9-18 23:44
  • 签到天数: 82 天

    [LV.6]常住居民II

    发表于 2015-7-6 19:18:34 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
    学习学习啊
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  • TA的每日心情
    开心
    2016-9-18 23:44
  • 签到天数: 82 天

    [LV.6]常住居民II

    发表于 2015-7-6 19:18:42 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
    学习学习啊
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  • TA的每日心情
    难过
    2016-11-19 21:24
  • 签到天数: 79 天

    [LV.6]常住居民II

    发表于 2015-8-17 23:55:18 | 显示全部楼层
    支持一下  3D打印耳朵

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  • TA的每日心情
    郁闷
    2017-2-8 03:11
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    [LV.7]常住居民III

     楼主| 发表于 2015-9-20 22:10:45 | 显示全部楼层
    3D打印耳朵!顶一个!

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